SME inflation among the highest in eight years

UK small business inflation has risen to one of the highest points in eight years, revealing the true impact of Brexit on inflation.

The average UK small business has seen its basic costs soar by 3.2 per cent in the last year, according to Barclays’ Small Business Cost Index (SBCI), which reveals the true impact of rising inflation on UK SME businesses.

However in the current inflationary environment, where costs remain high and businesses continue to feel the squeeze, three fifths (59 per cent) of SMEs are leaving themselves vulnerable by not having a plan in place to prepare for inflationary fluctuations.

The Index, created by Barclays in conjunction with the Centre for Economics & Business Research, tracks inflation developments and is calculated based on the annual cost change of a typical basket of goods and services associated with the average SME, including utilities and rent costs. It found business costs (the rate of inflation on SMEs) increased by 3.2 per cent over the last year, from 1.1 per cent in February 2016.

The poll finds many businesses will consider potential price rises: when asked if they would increase their prices if inflation rises again, two thirds (63 per cent) of senior decision makers say yes. A fifth (17 per cent) of these businesses admit they are afraid to increase their prices, while 15 per cent don’t know exactly when they will do so.

Larger businesses with more than ten employees are the most likely to rise their prices (77 per cent), compared to just four in ten sole traders (42 per cent). However sole traders, in particular, need additional support as 39 per cent admit they don’t feel confident in their understanding of the impact of changing inflation on their business.

Costs most susceptible to inflation: physical inputs, labour, and business & financial services
There is a detachment between the costs small business owners believe have the biggest impact on their baseline, and those that actually do.

For example, the research finds SME owners believe rising energy and utility costs have the greatest impact on their business, but in reality, the Index reveals this to be one of the smallest cost contributors (comprising 1.8 per cent of total costs).

Physical inputs, such as basic metals and chemicals, are the largest contributor to SME inflation, rising by 6.8 per cent in the last year having exerted downward pressure on SME inflation last year when global oil prices were falling.

Meanwhile, labour costs for SMEs increased 2.4 per cent in the three months to January. This relatively subdued increase in employment costs is in line with the overall UK picture of weaker wage growth. Commercial rents also trended downward – the weakest reading in two and a half years.

Sectoral comparisons

Businesses in the manufacturing sector saw the steepest increase in business costs in the last year at 5.7 per cent – the highest reading since 2009 – and were directly impacted by rising costs of physical inputs which make up almost half the total cost of the basket of goods faced by SMEs in this sector.

Businesses in the construction sector saw costs increase by 4.1 per cent in the last year – down from 5.1 per cent in January but the weakest in four months and well above the overall SME average for the 23rd consecutive month.

Meanwhile, SMEs in the accommodation and food service sector saw business costs rise to 2.7 per cent in the last year, which is down slightly from 3.0 per cent in January but well above the 2016 average of 1.6 per cent.

Regions most impacted

SMEs in Northern Ireland and Wales experienced the steepest cost rises over the last year, rising to 3.6 per cent and 3.5 per cent respectively and impacted by manufacturing and construction. The North East and Yorkshire and the Humber take third and fourth positions with total business costs rising at an annual rate of 3.4 per cent.

Meanwhile, SME inflation was weaker in the South East and London, with business costs rising to 3.0 per cent and 2.8 per cent respectively; a reflection of the much smaller dependency on construction and manufacturing.

Ian Rand, CEO of Barclays Business Banking, comments, ‘In this on-going environment, with both consumers and businesses continuing to feel the squeeze, it is more important than ever for SMEs to have a plan in place to manage the impact of inflationary pressures.

‘As overall UK inflation has risen, so too have the costs faced by SMEs themselves. While many SMEs will regrettably feel they have no other alternative but to consider raising their prices, it’s important they review the areas where their bottom line is most affected, buffer the inflation impact by reviewing every day running costs, and consider other areas to help drive business growth such as exploring opportunities overseas.’

Further reading on SME inflation

Owen Gough, SmallBusiness UK

Owen Gough

Owen was a reporter for Bonhill Group plc writing across the and titles before moving on to be a Digital Technology reporter for the

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